The three components of a radical expression are
The thing you are finding the root of.
The √ symbol that means "root of". The length of the horizontal bar is important. See note below.
The number of times the radicand is multiplied by itself. 2 means square root, 3 means cube root.
After that they are called the 4th root, 5th root and so on.
If this is missing, it is assumed to be 2 - the square root.
Note. The bar length matters
The horizontal bar in the
tells how much of the expression is to be used.
In this expression:
the bar stretches across the whole expression "p - q". So this means we subtract q from p, then find the square root of the result.
If it has only covered the 'p' like this:
it would mean find the square root of p then subtract q from the result.
The bar acts like parentheses, telling you how to group items and the order of calculation.
A radical expression that is left as is and not evaluated is called a surd. See definition of surd.
Other exponents and roots topics
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