Definition: A pair of
non-adjacent angles
formed by the
intersection of two straight lines

Try this Drag an orange dot. Note the behavior of the vertical angles
∠JQM and ∠LQK.

As can be seen from the figure above, when two lines intersect, four angles are formed. Each opposite pair are called vertical angles and are always congruent. The red angles ∠JQM and ∠LQK are equal, as are the blue angles ∠JQL and ∠MQK. Vertical angles are also called opposite angles.

They are congruent | Vertical angles are always congruent, or of equal measure. See ∠JQM and ∠LQK in the figure above. Adjust the lines and convince yourself of this fact. |

Sum of vertical angles | Both pairs of vertical angles (four angles altogether) always sum to a full angle (360°). |

Adjacent angles | In the figure above, an angle from each pair of vertical angles are adjacent angles and are supplementary (add to 180°). For example, in the figure above, |

m∠JQL + m∠LQK = 180°. | |

In the figure above, adjust the lines and convince yourself of this fact. |

'Vertical' has come to mean 'upright', or the opposite of horizontal. But here, it has more to do with the word 'vertex'. Vertical angles are called that because they share a common vertex.

- Vertical angles
- Complementary angles
- Supplementary angles
- Linear pair
- Adjacent angles
- Corresponding angles
- Alternate interior angles
- Alternate exterior angles
- Interior angles of a transversal
- Exterior angles of a transversal

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