

Cube
From Latin: cubus  "cube, a die"
Definition:
A solid with six congruent square faces. A regular hexahedron.
Try this
Drag anywhere in the cube below to rotate it in any direction. Note how all the faces are squares and identical (congruent).
Move the 'explode' slider to separate the faces.
A cube is a region of space formed by six identical square faces joined along their edges.
Three edges join at each corner to form a vertex. The cube can also be called a regular hexahedron.
It is one of the five regular polyhedrons, which are also sometimes referred to as the
Platonic solids.
Parts of a cube
Face 
Also called facets or sides. A cube has six faces which are all squares,
so each face has four equal sides and all four interior angles are right angles. See
Definition of a square. In the figure above, drag the 'explode' slider to see the faces separated for clarity.

Edge 
A line segment formed where two edges meet. A cube has 12 edges.
Because all faces are squares and congruent to each other, all 12 edges are the same length.

Vertex 
A point formed where three edges meet. A cube has 8 vertices.


Face Diagonals 
Face diagonals are line segments linking the opposite corners of a face.
Each face has two, for a total of 12 in the cube. The length of the face diagonals is given by the formula
where s is the length of one side (edge). Since the faces are squares, this is the same as the
diagonal of a square.

Space Diagonals 
Space diagonals are line segments linking the opposite corners of a cube,
cutting through its interior. A cube has 4 space diagonals. The length of the space diagonal is given by the formula
where s is the length of one side (edge).

Properties of a cube
Volume 
The volume is s^{3} where s is the length of one edge. See
Volume of a cube.

Surface Area 
The surface area of a cube is 6s^{2} , where s is the length of one edge.
See Surface area of a cube.

Calculator
Use the calculator on the right to calculate the properties of a cube.
Enter any one value and the others will be calculated. For example, enter the side length and the volume will be calculated.
Similarly, if you enter the surface area, the side length needed to get that area will be calculated.
Related topics
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